IBRF Ablation

Transmural

Ablations made with irrigated bipolar radiofrequency (IBRF) device (arrows). A, Right atrial appendage acute ablation. B, Demonstration of left pulmonary vein chronic ablation after 1 month. C, Photomicrograph of atrial tissue 1 month after ablation by IBRF device.
Reprinted from The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Volume 132, Issue 4, October 2006, Pages 853-860. Copyright 2006, with permission from Elsevier